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Page last updated on: 07-03-21

Deucalion's Flood- The Creation of Modern Mankind

Pyrrha and Deucalion by Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione When Prometheus stole fire from Zeus, king of the gods, and gave it to humans, humans were no longer afraid of the cold and slowly began to evolve. However, instead of being good people, they turned out to be evil and unjust.

Enraged, Zeus, the king of the gods, decided one day to destroy the human race. But in Thessaly, in Central Greece, lived the son of Prometheus, Deucalion, and his wife Pyrrha. These people were good and righteous and Zeus took pity on them and did not want them to die.

So he asked Deucalion to build an ark. Deucalion obeyed, and when he had built the ark and gathered all the necessary supplies, he entered the ark with his wife. Then Zeus opened the heavens and it rained so hard that the whole land of Greece turned into a sea.

For nine days and nights Deucalion's ark wandered around until it finally stopped at the top of Mount Parnassus. Suddenly the rain stopped, and Deucalion with Pyrrha got out of the ark and offered sacrifices to thank Zeus for saving them.

But of course they were very sad and wept, for the world in which they now lived was lonely... Zeus felt sorry for the couple, so he sent his messenger Hermes to grant them a wish. The couple wished for people.

"Go back and throw stones," he told them, and they did. The stones that Deucalion threw became men and those of Pyrra became women. In this way, once again, a new race of men was created. The first stone thrown by Deucalion became a man named Hellen (Hellinas). According to legend, from Hellen and his descendants descended the Greek people (the "Hellenes").

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