Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Greece

Olympian Gods » Apollo

Apollo, the God of the Sun and the Music

Family of Apollo

Parents: Apollo was born by Zeus, the King of the Gods, and the Titaness Leto on the Greek island of Delos. [Read the story...]
Siblings: Apollo had an older twin sister, the Greek goddess of the hunt Artemis.
Relationships: The Nymphs Cyrene and Daphne and the mortal Coronis.
Children: Asclepius (the god of Healing), the legendary musician Orpheus and the heroes Troilus and Aristaeus.

Appearance of Apollo

Apollo was a handsome, strong and youthful god with impressive golden hair.

Symbols of Apollo

Apollo's symbols were the lyre, the tripod, the laurel tree and the navel stone. His plants were the myrtle and the laurel. Apollo's sacred animals were the wolf, the raven and the lizard.

Interesting Facts about Apollo

trivia about apollo Apollo was worshiped as a "Mouse Daemon" in Ancient Troy and the Greek islands. When he was in a bad mood, he caused the invasion of mice, transmitting plague to a place. When he was in a good mood, he destroyed all the mice.

Therefore, the ancient Greek word "apollyon" (destroyer) might be the real origin of his name, Apollo.

Apollo, the God of Music

Apollo holding a lyre-painting by Onorio MarinariApollo was the Greek god of the Music. He invented the lute (a plucked string instrument with a body shaped like a pear), but he was more popular for playing the lyre, which was invented by Hermes, the messenger of the gods. Apollo was the leader of the Muses, the goddesses of Art and Sciences, therefore he was oftentimes called "Apollo Musagetes" in Ancient Greece.
Apollo excelled in important music contests, competing against Greek god Hermes and the Satyr Pan as well as other deities.

Apollo, the God of Prophecy

In addition, Apollo owned the precious gift of prophecy, given to him by his father Zeus in his infancy. He was the patron of the ancient city of Delphi, where the first oracle of Ancient Greece was located. The district was considered to be the Navel of the World (the "Omphalus") in Ancient times.


Titles of Apollo

  • Alexikakos ("keeping away the bad")
  • Asimodoxaros ("Silver-Bowed")
  • Citharoedus ("holding a cithara/lyre")
  • Epikourios ("helping")
  • Hylates ("god of the forest")
  • Lyceus ("guide of the wolves")
  • Makrosagitaris ("hitting the target from afar")
  • Musagetes ("leader of the Muses")
  • Nomios ("bucolic")
  • Patroos ("from the fathers")
  • Phoebos ("bright")
  • Pythios ("killer of the Python")

Picture Gallery

Apollo photo gallery

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