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Last Update: 14 Mar 2021


Pleiades, the goddesses of the mountains

The Pleiades were seven sisters and goddesses of the mountains

Who were the Pleiades?

The Pleiades were goddesses of the mountains and the consorts of Artemis.

Their names were Maea, Electra, Taygete, Alcyone, Celaino, Sterope, and Merope.

According to Apollodorus, the Pleiades were seven sisters created by Titan Atlas and his consort Pleione, daughter of Titan Oceanus.

The Pleiades and Orion

According to one myth, Orion, the son of Poseidon, pursued the Pleiades for five whole years. But in the end, Zeus, the king of the gods, took pity on them and transformed the Pleiades into doves and then into a constellation of seven stars, the famous Pleiades. The brightest stars of the constellation were named after the sisters.

But Orion also turned into a star... and is said to still be chasing them across the night sky.

The Pleiades and the Gods

Almost all of the Pleiades mated with great gods and produced gods and tribal leaders.

Maea, the oldest and most beautiful Pleiad, mated with Zeus, king of the gods, and gave birth to Hermes, messenger of the gods.

Electra also mated with Zeus and gave birth to Dardanos, the founder of Troy.

Taygete once saw Zeus in her dreams and after nine months she gave birth to Lacedaemon,the founder of Sparta. A Greek mountain was named in her honor.

Celaino and Alcyone both mated with Poseidon, the god of the seas. Celaino gave birth to Lykos, the ancestor of the Arcadians, in the Isles of the Blessed, somewhere in the Western Ocean. According to one myth, she was struck by thunder.

Alcyone was raped by Poseidon and gave birth to three children, a daughter, Aithousa, and two sons, Hyrieus and Hyperenor.

Sterope mated with Ares, the god of war, and gave birth to Oenomaus, king of Pisa in Western Greece.

Merope, the 'Lost Pleiad', was the only Pleiadian to intermarry with a mortal man named Sisyphus. This is the reasonwhy her star was the weakest among the others.

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