According to Greek mythology, Galatea was a sea nymph and was the most beautiful and popular of the 50 sea nymphs, the Nereids.
Galatea owes her name to the milky complexion of her body.
Galatea was the daughter of the sea god Nereus and the Oceanid Doris and was married to the one-eyed Cyclops Polyphemus, whom Odysseus met on his return journey from Troy.
The beautiful Nereid Galatea, however, did not return the love of Polyphemus and fell in love with the shepherd Akis, son of the SatyrPan.
Her partner, Polyphemus, filled with despair, pursued the two lovers, fired a huge rock and killed his rival. Galatea, for her part, transformed Akis into a river of clear water, on the banks of which Galatea used to spend the night. According to Ovid, the ancient river was located at the foot of Mount Etna on the island of Sicily.