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Demigods & Spirits » Muses, the Goddesses of Art and Science

The Muses were nine goddesses presiding over the Arts and the Sciences

Greek pronunciation of Muses Greek pronunciation English pronunciation of Muses English pronunciation
Muses, the Goddesses of Art and Science in Greek mythology
Apollo and the Muses on Mount Helicon by Claude Lorrain (1860). Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
pictures of Muses

The Creation of the Muses

The Muses were nine very intelligent, beautiful and careless divinities. Each Muse was responsible for a different literary or poetic genre. They were created by Zeus, the King of the Gods, who secretly laid for nine nights with Mnemosyne, the Titaness of memory.

The Role of the Muses and Apollo

The Muses were brought to life to make the world disremember the evil and relieve the sorrows and to praise the gods, and especially the Olympian Gods' victory over their ancestors, the Titans. Apollo was the main teacher of the Muses. They were usually accompanying him and the Graces on their strolls and loved singing and dancing on soft feet on laurel leaves, while Apollo was playing the lyre.

The Home of the Muses

Home of the Muses was Mount Helicon in Central Greece, a mountain that was sacred to the Greek god Apollo, the Greek god of the music, the light and the sun. Their most significant sanctuary was in Pieria, close toMount Olympus. For this reason, they were often called Pierides.

Interesting Facts about the Muses

It were the Muses who unveiled the Greek shepherd Hesiod the origins and genealogies of the ancient Greek gods and then blessed and inspired him to write his famous epic poem, the Theogony.
The Muses may have had Mnemosyne, the goddess of Memory, as their mother-however, their mission was to make people actually forget their sorrows and don't think about their cares.


Modern words deriving from the god Muses: Museum, Music



Sources
  • "Theogony" by Hesiod
  • "The Bacchae" of Euripides


Famous Muses in Greek Mythology

Calliope

Calliope Greek pronunciation of Calliope

Epic Poetry
Clio

Clio Greek pronunciation of Clio

History
Erato

Erato Greek pronunciation of Erato

Love Poetry
Euterpe

Euterpe Greek pronunciation of Euterpe

Music
Melpomene

Melpomene Greek pronunciation of Melpomene

Tragedy
Polyhymnia

Polyhymnia Greek pronunciation of Polyhymnia

Hymns
Terpsichore

Terpsichore Greek pronunciation of Terpsichore

Dance
Thalia

Thalia Greek pronunciation of Thalia

Comedy
Urania

Urania Greek pronunciation of Urania

Astronomy


Myths and Fables about Muses

The Gift of the Muses to Mankind
The Gift of the Muses to Mankind

Who is your favorite Muse?


  1. Calliope
  2. Clio
  3. Erato
  4. Euterpe
  5. Melpomene
  6. Polyhymnia
  7. Terpsichore
  8. Thalia
  9. Urania
        
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