Ancient Athens (Athena) was the largest and most prosperous city in Ancient Greece. It was named after goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom. The most famous monument of Athens was the Parthenon, built in 432 B.C on the Acropolis hill. The Acropolis is also known as the "Sacred Rock" of Athens.
Athens is the city where democracy was born and citizens were able to speak their mind freely. However, women were not treated equally to men and slavery was permitted. Some slaves were even owned by the state.
Athens is the birthplace of Socrates, Plato, Sophocles and Euripides and every year athletic events and theatrical plays were being held.